How does Chandler Soil remove compaction from the soil?

Although most people blame soil compaction on using heavy machinery and working soils that are too wet, these practices only make soil compaction worse—they do not cause the initial problem to develop. The main reason that soils become compacted is a lack of biological life in the soil. The beneficial bacteria and other microbes in the soil emit a mucus-like waste substance that helps to bind the soil particles into colloids or aggregates. As the aggregates form, spaces are left that allow air and water to penetrate into the soil. As a result, the soil will warm faster in the spring; roots can penetrate deeper into the soil, and there will be fewer problems with water drainage and surface erosion. When the biological life in the soil is depressed, this process reverses, and the soil becomes colder, poorly drained and harder to work as the spaces between soil particles disappear. Chandler Soil multiplies the beneficial microbes that build soil structure and reduce problems with soil compaction.

How long does it take to remove soil compaction from my field?

The time required to remove compacted soil layers depends on several factors, including the amount of biological life present, the soil type and composition and the past farming practices used in the field (such as type of tillage or fertilizer and pesticide rates). In most cases, we have found that Chandler Soil can remove about 6 to 8 inches of compaction per year when used as recommended.

How can Chandler Soil help me make better use of fertilizer, manure, and other sources of nutrients?

The beneficial microbes in the soil also convert applied fertilizers and soil nutrients into a form that plants can use. As the amount of biological life in the soil increases, more of these nutrients will be available for growing crops, and you can actually apply less fertilizer and maintain or increase crop yields. We learned this in our first field tests of these products, and our users have seen this in several on-farm tests conducted in over the past 30 years. In our tests, the reduced-rate fertilizer plots (with and without the enzyme treatment) were replicated four times and then repeated for four consecutive years in the same location. We conducted annual soil tests on each of the replicated plots, and we also learned that reducing the fertilizer application rates for four consecutive years did not deplete the available soil nutrients in the treated plots.

How often should I apply Chandler Soil?

In general, we recommend applying Chandler Soil once per year, and the timing of the application largely depends on what is most convenient. For example, many of our customers find that the most convenient time to treat their fields is when they spray pre-emergence or post-emergence chemicals in the spring. Others will include Chandler Soil in the sprayer tank when they apply liquid nitrogen or other fertilizers in the fall or spring. Also, an increasing number of farmers are putting Chandler Soil in the row with starter fertilizer when they plant or when they side-dress growing crops after emergence. Split applications may also be made throughout the year. For example, some people put on half of their Chandler Soil treatment when they apply Chandler Biocat 1000 to corn stalks in the fall and half with their burn-down chemicals in the spring.

Are there situations when Chandler Soil does not perform as expected?

There must be some biological life in the soil that Chandler Soil can multiply. We have found that the biological life in the soil can be depressed if the field has been treated repeatedly with heavy pesticide applications or high rates of potassium chloride or anhydrous ammonia fertilizer. We don’t tell people how to farm, and we would never recommend to stop using these practices if they are working. However, know that it will take longer for Chandler Soil to work if the biological life in the soil is depressed. On the other hand, Chandler Soil will work very well with ample biological life in the soil, which may result from periodic applications of manure to the field or from growing cover crops.

Can I apply Chandler Soil in a tank mix with other products?

Yes, Chandler Soil is compatible with the other Chandler products as well as most other pesticides and liquid fertilizers. However, we always recommend testing all new tank-mix combinations to be sure. Also, some pesticides and other products can generate heat when combined with water, and excessive heat can reduce the effectiveness of the enzymes in the Chandler products. For this reason, we also recommend adding Chandler Soil to the tank after all other products have been diluted with water.

Do I have to incorporate Chandler Soil after it is applied?

No, Chandler Soil does not have to be incorporated to promote growth of the soil microbes, so it is ideal for conventional tillage farming systems as well as no-till, strip tillage and minimum tillage systems. Chandler Soil may also be applied to pastures and hay fields at any time when the amount of foliage is limited and the product can reach the soil surface.

How does Chandler Soil help to reduce plant disease outbreaks?

Some of the most troublesome plant diseases (including Goss’s wilt) are caused by harmful bacteria and fungi that reside in undecayed plant residue. As the amount of corn residue left in fields has increased in the past few years, these problems have intensified and spread farther throughout the Midwest. Chandler Soil can be used with Biocat 1000 to reduce this disease pressure in two ways. First, use Biocat 1000 to promote an early completion of the residue decay process, which removes this potential habitat for the disease organisms. Second, Chandler Soil and Biocat 1000 multiply the number of beneficial bacteria, fungi and other microbes in the soil, and these organisms help to control the harmful microbes that cause plant diseases.

Can I apply Chandler Soil on fields with growing crops?

Yes, the enzymes and other ingredients in Soil do not harm the growing crops but do multiply the beneficial microbes in the soil. However, the product is only designed to work in the soil, so try to apply Chandler Soil on fields with growing crops when the amount of foliage is limited and most of the spray can reach the soil surface.

Can I graze livestock on fields that are treated with Chandler Soil?

Yes, the product is completely non-toxic when used as recommended, and it will not harm livestock or other animals that graze on treated fields.

After a few months of storage, there is a small layer of sediment or residue in the bottom of my Chandler Soil container. Is the product still effective?

The ingredients in Chandler Soil may settle out of solution after some time in storage, and this is the sediment on the bottom of the container. To return these elements to the solution, vigorously shake the jug for several seconds before use. If using Chandler Soil in 30 gallon drums, tip the drum on edge and shake it, or place the drum on its side and roll it on the ground to agitate the contents. In our warehouse, we use a stir attached to an electric drill to agitate the product in the drums. After the product has been thoroughly agitated, the sediment will return to the solution, and the product will remain fully effective.

For More Information

For more information on Chandler Soil, call (309) 659-7773 or e-mail info@midwestbioman.com.